Contact with Napoleon was systematically impeded by the Viennese Court. Great efforts were made to ensure that the former empress grew apart from her husband. The plan worked. A scheme to reunite Marie Louise and Napoleon on Elba was initially postponed and then quietly shelved. Husband and wife were destined never to see each other again.
By the time Napoleon returned to Paris from exile on Elba and briefly seized power again, Marie Louise was no longer willing to return to him. This again emphasizes her lack of initiative and simple disposition. She was always biddable and obedient — at first towards her father, then her husband and finally once more towards her father. At the Congress of Vienna Marie Louise was awarded the duchy of Parma together with Piacenza and Guastalla so that she would be provided for in keeping with her station and as a substitute for her lost status as empress.
In she took up residence in Parma. Her small son Napoleon Franz remained in the charge of his grandfather in Vienna. After initial protest Maria Louise accepted the separation from her child. Contact between the two became less and less frequent. Marie Louise was now living in Parma, where she had three children by her lover, Count Neipperg, whose existence was kept secret: Albertine — , another daughter who died in infancy b.
The marriage was kept secret and only officially announced after Neipperg had died. The children resulting from this union were legitimized by their grandfather and given the name Montenuovo — an Italianized form of Neipperg Neuberg. The last male representative of the Montenuovo line died in In Marie Louise was forced to leave her duchy in the face of unrest, to which military action by Austrian troops soon put an end. After her return she ruled benevolently, overseeing the reorganisation of the administration and public welfare system and becoming much-loved by the common people.
Celebrated as the mother of her little duchy, she died at the age of 56 in Fabel, Renate: Der kleine Adler. Napoleons Sohn — ein Spielball der Politik — Wien We employ strictly necessary and analysis cookies. Analysis cookies are used only with your consent and exclusively for statistical purposes. You can also find further information in our data protection declaration. Cookie settings Accept all cookies.
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The cushion The motifs embroidered in golden thread on the blue velvet cushion on which the crown rests, while recalling the Bourbon lilies of the kings of France, represent one of the secondary symbols most used by Bonaparte - namely bees - which are also carved on the frame. The insect evokes the productive capacity and idea of a peer kingdom under a single head the queen bee and had also been used in the Carolingian Empire, one of the great precedents to which Napoleon wanted to be inspired.
The eagle The diamond crown laid on the cushion bears an eagle with unfolded wings on its top, the primary symbol identified by Bonaparte for his empire and for himself with clear allusion to the great Roman Empire that had made the eagle its own emblem.
The colors The central part of the canvas is dominated by three colors: the white of the dress of Maria Luigia, the red of the drape that covers the table and the blue of the silky velvet of the pillow. The woman portrayed - even for those who do not recognize her from her facial features - wants to present herself as empress of France through the colors of the national flag.
In addition to the physical appearance of the new Empress, it was necessary to present - and make appreciate - some character traits of the new Empress to the French. Here then the painter depicted the symbols of the passions of the young Habsburg on the table: the two books allude to her love of reading and her culture in general, the stylus recalls her habit of writing, the male profile drawn on the sheet - which not surprisingly depicts Bonaparte - sums up her pictorial ability, while the score her musical competence.
The choker The magnificent white diamond chocker was one of the emperor's gifts to his wife for the birth of their long-awaited heir: among the jewels worn by the Empress in this portrait, it is the only survivor almost intact and today kept at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington.
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Marie Louise I was an Austrian archduchess who reigned as Duchess of Parma from 11 April until her death. She was Napoleon's second wife and as such Empress of the French and Queen of Italy from their marriage on 1 April until his. Marie Louise I was an Austrian archduchess who reigned as Duchess of Parma from 11 April until her death. She was Napoleon's second wife and as such. Marie Louise d'Orléans (Spanish: María Luisa de Orleans; 26 March – 12 February ) was Queen of Spain from to as the first wife of King.