While there's no doubt that building a PC can be daunting, if you can handle flat-packed IKEA furniture, trust us when we say that you can handle anything! The biggest obstacle you'll likely face right now is sourcing the actual PC components that you need as supply is still an issue as we enter the post-pandemic recovery phase. But if you've been looking at the best computers either online or in store and would rather take on the fun project of building your own rather than buying one, we promise you that will some patience and perseverance, it can be done.
Regardless of how challenging it can be to source the parts you need, learning how to build a PC is still a fulfilling task, regardless of what the best graphics cards are going for right now. After all, you want a PC that you can show off with pride. So, it's a time consuming process for sure and it will take a good amount of work, but it's an amazing undertaking that will fill you with a real sense of achievement at the end of it.
Once you've finished building the actual PC itself, you can start to purchase the relevant accessories to go with it. If you've opted to build one of the best gaming PCs , then we recommend you reward yourself for all your hard work and invest in a few of the best PC games that you can kick back and relax with when all that building is behind you.
But, before we get too ahead of ourselves, let's get you all hooked up with everything you need to know about how to build a PC. We promise to make it as painless as possible and take you from beginning to end These days, basically everyone needs a decent PC to get through life, but they come in so many shapes and sizes that it's important to know what you're trying to build before you even get started.
For instance, if you're just going to be using your PC to do daily office work — like web browsing or writing up documents — you don't need to drop thousands of dollars on a fancy gaming rig. Building a PC with something like the AMD Ryzen 5 G will get you a quick and responsive PC that will last you years, with enough graphics horsepower to get you through all tasks that most people experience on a day-to-day basis.
However, there are plenty of people that need something with a bit more oomph. Computers are legitimately more powerful now than they've ever been, and there's never been more options to build something that will tear through the best PC games like they were so much paper. Luckily, if you're on more of a budget, you can get something like an Intel Core iK and an Nvidia GeForce RTX if you can find one in stock at a decent price, that is , and have an incredible p gaming machine.
And, that will be able to get some video editing done on the side too. Although a single phillips screwdriver is all you need to construct a PC, you may want a few more things on hand just in case. For example, needle nose pliers or a simple pair of tweezers may come in handy to place screws into tight places or retrieve them. Just do yourself a favor and discharge any latent electricity by placing your hand on metal, like your PC case or power supply. You should also have a power socket and internet connection available.
These components are also exactly what you need to construct an modest — if a little last generation — gaming PC. Remove every panel that you can, and store them in a safe place inside the case box is the best bet. We recommend using a bowl or a magnetic parts tray if you want to be fancy to hold your screws throughout your PC building process.
Typically you want two fans in the front drawing air in and at least one in the rear blowing air out. You could also screw one or two more optional fans into the roof of the PC case for additional exhaust, if your PC case has mounting points for them. Check for pre-installed motherboard standoffs, ensure the number and arrangement of them conforms to the holes found on your motherboard.
Secondly, see if your PC case has a large CPU cutout or window cut into the back of the motherboard frame. Next up, socket your CPU into the motherboard. For Intel mainstream CPUs, slide the spring loaded retention arm out and up, then lift the bracket up leaving the plastic cover in place. Then, gently place your CPU inside the socket, matching the golden triangle located on the bottom left corner of the processor, with the triangle on the socket bracket. For the next step, you should slide the securing bracket back into its original position so it locks in place underneath the screw, and secure the retention arm back down.
During this process the protective plastic cover should pop off, so don't freak out if it comes flying at you. Be sure to stow the cover away in a safe place as it'll protect the motherboard's sensitive pins if you decide to remove the processor from the motherboard. You should then take your processor and match the golden triangle on the corner of the Ryzen processor with the triangle on the socket.
Once the pins on the bottom of the processor lineup with the holes on the socket, drop it into place. Next on the agenda is installing the best RAM to take care your computer memory. Push down the latches at either ends of the DDR4 slots on your motherboard. Then line up the notch on the bottom of the memory with the notch in the slot. After that, you can install the memory by carefully pushing down both sides of the memory into the slot.
You should hear a clicking sound as the memory secures into place and the latches click back up. Here's the last complicate piece in the PC building process, figuring out which of the best CPU coolers to go with. Most third-party coolers require installing a backplate, which you may or may not have already done from step three of our PC building guide.
The same force that lets you shock your friends when you wear wool socks can also fry components in a heartbeat. Fortunately, static is easy to all but eliminate with a few simple steps. One simple solution is to purchase an antistatic wristband. One end wraps around your wrist, and the other clips somewhere on the computer case, keeping the wearer constantly grounded.
Touching the case frequently with the PSU plugged in and powered off achieves the same effect. Make sure you're building your PC in a room with a bare floor if you can — carpets generate a lot of static — and wear rubber-soled shoes rather than socks. Many components ship in antistatic bags, so leave them bagged until just before installation.
Preparing the case is the easy part. Instructions for the specific case you purchased should introduce you to its basic layout, as well as list special instructions regarding component installation. Lay down the case in your work area and remove the side panel. For most PC cases, this means the left-side panel when viewed from the front.
This panel provides access to the case interior. Many cases have permanent internal wiring that becomes problematic later on. The first component to make its way into the case should be the power supply PSU. It is typically located at the rear of the case, usually in the bottom or top corner.
Step 1: Place your power supply in the mounting position. Most cases are designed for the PSU to be installed with the fan facing down, letting it pull cool air from outside the case, but check your manual if you're unsure. Step 3: If your power supply is a modular PSU, plug in the power cables that you need for your various components.
If you're not sure, though, don't worry, you can plug them in later as and when needed. If your PSU is not modular, you'll have all the cables already installed. Although you don't have to, it's a good idea to install the processor before you put the motherboard in the case, as access is far easier. Step 1: Carefully remove the motherboard from its antistatic bag and set it on a hard, flat, nonmetal surface such as a wooden desk, or the top of the motherboard box itself.
Also, make sure there are no sources of dust or liquid nearby. However, there are some subtle differences in the process depending on who made your CPU. Step 2: Although the design of Intel and AMD CPUs are a little different, the process for installing them is much the same, no matter which kind of processor and motherboard you have.
Intel CPUs have flat metal contacts on the underside, and the pins reside inside the socket, whereas AMD CPUs have pins on the underside of the processor, and contacts in the socket. In either case, do not bend or touch the pins. When clamped down, the end of the load lever tucks under a hook to keep everything in place. When you unbox your motherboard, the contact array will be covered with a piece of plastic.
First, open the load plate. Do this by gently pushing down on the load arm and moving it out sideways from under the hook, and then raising it up all the way. At this point, the plastic piece will come loose. Step 3: To install the CPU, you need to line it up correctly. On the latest 12th-generation Intel CPUs, you get a little golden triangle in one corner to help you align it properly.
The same is true of all modern AMD processors. Pick the processor up by its sides and align it correctly using whatever aids you're given, and gently place it into the CPU socket. Double-check alignment, and give the processor a little nudge to make sure that it has slotted in correctly.
If in doubt, remove it and try again just to be sure. Step 4: Once you're happy that the CPU is correctly installed, press the retaining arm down firmly, but gently, until the CPU is locked in place. This can take quite a bit of pressure, but it shouldn't be hard. If in doubt, check again that the CPU was seated correctly before locking it down. The direction is easy enough.
Slot choice depends on a few factors, one of which is how you purchased RAM. If you have just a single stick of RAM, you want to install it in the first slot, often called A1. If you have two sticks, you'll often want to install them in the A2 and B2 slots, but check your motherboard's manual for confirmation of where they should go. Step 1: When you know which slot to install your RAM in, push the plastic wings at either end of the slot down and outward some motherboards only have one , then place the stick in the slot sticking straight up.
Push down firmly until the RAM clicks into the slot, and the plastic wings click back in and clamp the ends of the sticks. Be sure that your motherboard is well supported across its entire surface, as it is possible to put too much pressure on the motherboard when installing RAM if you push too hard.
This is unlikely, but as with any steps in this guide, take care, and if in doubt, double-check everything before proceeding. Step 2: Repeat the same process for each stick you have until all of your RAM is installed. We put together a more detailed guide for how to install RAM if you need additional information. The motherboard is the most unweildy component in your system, but since it acts as the foundation for everything else in your case, installing it correctly is of paramount importance.
Double-check that it aligns with your motherboard's outputs before plugging it in if you're not sure which way it goes. Step 2: To install the motherboard, you have to screw it into the insulating standoffs that prevent your components from shorting. Some cases come with these preinstalled, while others need you to install them yourself. If necessary, screw in your motherboard's standoffs into the correct holes depending on the size and layout of your motherboard.
You can look at your motherboard to figure it out, or install them where your manual suggests. To attach your motherboard to the case, screw it in. First, seat the screws and give them a couple of precursory turns. Then, proceed in a star pattern, tightening each screw a little at a time.
You only need enough torque to hold the board in place without it wiggling. Step 4: Once the motherboard is seated comfortably in the case, there are a few necessary connections. This pin connector powers both the motherboard and the CPU.
However, some boards have a second 4-pin or 8-pin connector for the processor, which resides near your CPU, typically in the top corner. Connect the case plugs and buttons to the motherboard. A double-wide row of pins — the location of which will be noted in your manual — runs the USB ports, buttons for reset and power, and activity LEDs for power and storage.
These small cables run in a bundle from wherever the ports reside in the case. Proper installation can be difficult, however, due to their size. If you have a magnifying glass or a set of tweezers, now is a great time to use them. Some motherboards include an adapter that bridges these jumpers to the right connections on your motherboard.
Otherwise, installing them is as simple as matching the labels on the pins with the labels on the connections. The USB header connecting to your front-facing motherboard ports will be on its own. This header has a notch on one side that should clearly indicate which direction it plugs in. Installing a CPU cooler differs depending on the cooler you're using, so for specific instructions, please refer to the manufacturer's manual or support site.
Here are some simple instructions that apply to almost every cooler. Note: In the below images, we're installing an all-in-one AIO watercooler, but the tips apply to most air coolers as well. Step 1: Every cooler needs thermal paste. You don't have to use the best thermal paste , but make sure you use some.
It typically looks like a silver paste and comes either preapplied to the cooler, or in a short syringe tube. If you're reapplying heat paste, be sure to remove the original heat paste with a lint-free cloth and a little isopropyl alcohol. Step 2: If your CPU cooler requires it, remove your case's other side panel and attach the custom backplate design.
You may need to remove the stock backplate from the motherboard first. Step 3: Place the CPU cooler on top of the processor, and press down gently.
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Finally, install the hard drive and make sure the power supply is connected to all of the necessary components before connecting the monitor. To learn more about which components to buy and where to buy them, read on! Did this summary help you? Yes No. Log in Social login does not work in incognito and private browsers. Please log in with your username or email to continue.
Standard desktop PCs which are used for things like browsing and minor programs e. Establish a budget. It's too easy to start buying attractive parts without sticking to a budget, only to realize that you're out of money and don't have all of the necessary equipment to build your PC. Figure out a soft limit e. Common sense should guide your purchasing as well.
Know which components you need to buy. No matter how expensive your computer, you will need the following components for your project:  X Research source Processor — Acts as the "brain" of your computer. Motherboard — Serves as an interface between all of your computer's components and the processor. More RAM will provide more "workspace" to increase your computer's performance. Less RAM is like having a smaller table! Hard drive — Stores data. You can buy a traditional hard drive, or you can opt for a more expensive solid state drive SSD if you want an exceptionally fast drive.
Power supply — Powers all of your computer's individual components. The power supply is also the interface between your computer and the wall socket into which you plug your computer. Case — Necessary for storing and cooling your components. Graphics card — Used to render images on your computer. While most processors have a built-in graphics processing unit GPU , you can buy a dedicated graphics card if you plan on gaming or using your computer for intensive editing.
Cooling system — Keeps the inside of your case at a safe temperature. Only necessary for gaming and editing PCs—regular PCs should be fine with a stock cooler. Part 2. Know where to buy components. In-store locations such as Best Buy will stock computer components, but you can usually find comparable parts for cheaper if you shop online.
Common online locations include Amazon, eBay, and NewEgg. Don't write off used parts, especially if the parts are listed as "Like New" or are in new condition. You can often buy such parts at a heavily discounted price for little to no change in function. Research every component you intend to purchase. Read magazines and online consumer review sites for more information. Remember, this is one of the most important steps, because everything will depend on your hardware working correctly.
Look for good reviews for your preferred product, both on the site from which you're considering purchasing it and elsewhere. Stay away from marketing graphs or numbers - there is always some trickery to make the numbers seem better than they are. Once you've found a decently reviewed component, look for negative reviews of the component. You may find that the component is great for certain uses, but inappropriate for your own preferences. Find a processor.
The processor or CPU is the core of your computer's performance. The higher the processor's speed in gigahertz GHz , the faster it can process data. Many applications use multiple threads at the same time, so more cores can improve performance. The processor will usually entail a large part of your budget.
Processors typically come in quad-core, hexa-core or higher. Intel and AMD are two of the main processor manufacturers. Typically, AMD offers better value. Get a motherboard which fits your processor. You'll want to select a motherboard which is compatible with your processor, which can be accomplished by checking the socket of the CPU and motherboard. Purchase RAM. RAM is responsible for storing data from running programs, so having enough of it is important.
Typically 8 GB is encouraged, with higher-end gaming machines benefiting from 16GB. The type of RAM that is supported by your motherboard will be noted in the motherboard's documentation. Buy a hard drive. Comparatively speaking, purchasing a hard drive is easy—most hard drives are compatible with virtually all motherboards and processors, though you may need to make sure the hard drive you find will fit in your case.
You'll want to buy a SATA hard drive which stores at least gigabytes, and be sure to buy from a reputable manufacturer such as Western Digital, Seagate, or Toshiba. Your average hard drive has a speed of RPM. If you want a smaller hard drive with faster data retrieval, you can instead purchase a solid state drive SSD.
These drives are significantly more expensive than most standard computer hard drives. Often they are used as a complementary drive with a larger hard drive. Some motherboards might not support the NVMe or M. Purchase a graphics card if necessary. A dedicated graphics card is essential for playing the latest games, but not a major issue for a computer you plan on using for daily tasks. If you watch or edit a lot of HD video or play a lot of games, you'll want a dedicated graphics card.
However, you are unlikely to get issues. AMD also manufactures the G and G processors with powerful integrated graphics, capable of some games at lower settings. Graphics cards are also referred to as "video cards" or "GPU". Make sure your power supply can handle the load. The power supply powers all of your components in your computer. Some cases come with a power supply already installed, but others require you to provide your own.
The power supply should be powerful enough to charge all of your components; don't worry about it being so powerful that you waste electricity by powering more than you need, as it will only output as many watts as you use and the number on its wattage is only its max capacity. Pick up a case that is both functional and easy on the eyes. The case is what holds your computer components. A few cases come with a power supply included, but if you are making a gaming build then getting a separate power supply is recommended, as the power supplies that come with cases are usually not very high quality.
Be sure to select a case which can fit all of your components, including your hard drive. Cases might obstruct air flow causing some higher-end components with larger power draw to overheat. Part 3. Ground yourself. Use an antistatic wrist-strap cable to prevent electrostatic discharge ESD which can be deadly to computer electronics. Alternatively, touch a large metal body like a radiator to discharge yourself. Open the case. Unscrew the side panel or slide it toward the back of the case to do so.
Install the power supply. Some cases come with the power supply already installed, while others will require you to purchase the power supply separately and install it yourself. Make sure that the power supply is installed in the correct orientation, and that nothing is blocking the power supply's fan. You can determine where the power supply is supposed to sit by looking for a missing section on the back of the case. Add components to the motherboard.
This is usually easiest to do before you install the motherboard, as the case can limit your ability to wire components:  X Research source Attach the processor to the motherboard by finding the processor port on the motherboard's surface. An indicator on CPU and motherboard will show you the correct orientation.
Attach your power supply to the motherboard's power connectors. Locate but do not attach the motherboard's hard drive SATA port. You'll use this to connect the hard drive to the motherboard later. Apply thermal paste to the processor if necessary. Put a small dot around the size of a grain of rice or a pea of thermal paste on the CPU. Adding too much thermal paste will create a mess, such as getting paste into the motherboard socket, which may short circuit components and decrease the motherboard's value if you plan to sell it later.
Attach the heat sink. This varies from heat sink to heat sink, so read the instructions for your processor. Aftermarket heat sinks may have brackets that need to be attached underneath the motherboard. Skip this step if your processor has an installed heat sink. Prepare your case. You may need to knock the plates out of the back of the case in order to fit your components into the correct positions.
If your case has separate shelving units to hold your hard drive, install the units using the included screws. You may need to install and wire your case's fans before you can install any components. If so, follow your case's fan installation instructions. Secure the motherboard. Once the standoffs are installed, place the motherboard in the case and push it up against the backplate.
Use the screws provided to secure the motherboard to the standoffs through the shielded screw holes on the motherboard. Plug in the case connectors. These tend to be located together on the motherboard near the front of the case. The order in which these are connected will depend on which is easiest. Install your hard drive. This process will vary slightly depending on your case, but should typically go as follows:  X Research source Remove any front panels on the case if you're installing an optical drive, you will usually install it near the top of the case.
Insert the hard drive into its slot again, usually near the top of the case. Tighten any screws needed to hold the drive in place. We have written thousands of lines of the algorithms just to make sure you will always get what's compatible and the latest for your build. Our Millions of satisfied users is our proof of the trust towards them. We are here just for helping the people who wish to make their own pc build, but they lack the proper knowledge of the components and their compatibilities.
So they get messed up with their build, but with us, they didn't need to worry anymore. Yes, of course, you can showcase your build with us, just signup in our system and submit your build and we are more than happy to feature your build on PC Builder, and we just love to see people building their PC builds with the help of our system and keeping their trust in us.
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Just be assured, your rig will never be removed from our system and is available for you to access whenever you are willing to access or edit it. If you are having trouble finding the right component in our system builder, then you can reach us at hello pcbuilder.
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If you found any such components do reach us at hello pcbuilder. If you are new in building a PC or have any query, you can directly share it with our community and the PC experts will help you build your PC. Click here to visit our Forum. Yes, Sometimes the price may be dropped and increased by the merchants at any time.
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